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  帅向华,姜立新,侯建盛,延旭东,宋立军,刘爱文.云南鲁甸6.5级地震灾害特点浅析[J].震灾防御技术,2014,9(3):340-358, DOI:10.11899/zzfy20140302.

云南鲁甸6.5级地震灾害特点浅析
摘要:    通过对2014年8月3日云南鲁甸6.5级地震震害开展实地调查,对灾区破坏情况进行总体介绍,并就各烈度区特征和建筑物震害、地震地质灾害、工程结构震害进行分析,初步得出本次地震的一些震害特点。一是灾区人口密度大,人员死亡较集中。人员死亡主要集中在Ⅷ和Ⅸ度区。二是地震振动强,灾区破坏严重。本次地震震源深度12km,极震区烈度高达Ⅸ度,震源破裂在11s内集中释放。三是抗震能力弱,房屋破坏严重。灾区属国家级贫困区,农村民居抗震能力弱,且多数民房坐落在河谷陡坡上,边坡效应加重房屋震害,重灾区砖木和土木房屋成片损毁、倒塌。四是灾区条件恶劣,救灾难度大。震区活动断裂密集发育、地质破碎疏松、地形崎岖不平,又恰值雨季,诱发极其严重次生地质灾害,导致人员伤亡,造成灾区大面积交通、通信、电力中断,救援物资与救援力量无法及时发挥作用。
作者单位
帅向华 中国地震台网中心北京 100045 
姜立新 中国地震台网中心北京 100045 
侯建盛 中国地震局北京 100036 
延旭东 中国地震局北京 100036 
宋立军 新疆维吾尔自治区地震局乌鲁木齐 830011 
刘爱文 中国地震局地球物理研究所北京 100081 
关  键  词:地震现场  云南鲁甸地震  地震灾害  烈度  震害特点
DOI:10.11899/zzfy20140302
基金项目:地震行业科研专项(201108002-04)和中国地震局重点项目地震危险区专题图编制研究共同资助
收稿日期:2014-08-28
作者简介:帅向华,女,生于1973年。硕士,副研究员。主要从事震害预测、地震灾害应急及GIS应用研究。E-mail:Shuaixhua@sina.com
通讯作者:
Hazard Analysis on the Characteristics of the M6.5 Ludian Earthquake
Abstract:      In this paper, through the investigation of M6.5 Ludian earthquake on August 3, 2014, we introduce the general earthquake disaster and analyze the features of different intensity region. Meanwhile, we analyze building earthquake disaster, seismic geological disaster and engineering earthquake disaster. We obtained four initial disaster characteristics of this earthquake. First, disaster area population is large and deaths are concentrated. Deaths are mostly in the VIII and IX region. Second, strong shaking and serious damage are in the disaster area. The earthquake hypocenter depth is 12 km, earthquake intensity reached IX and rupture in focus released within 11 seconds. Third, weak seismic capacity and serious damage are in disaster area. Disaster area is a poverty country. There are a large number of weak earthquake-resistant rural buildings. And most houses are located on the steep slopes of river valleys. So the aggravated effect of seismic damage for slope is obvious. The brick and wood houses damage, even collapse into the film. Fourth, disaster response is difficult in the poor disaster conditions. There are quake-dense active faults, geological break loose, rugged terrain and coincides with the rainy season. There induce severe secondary geological disasters, causing large traffic, communications, power outages in the disaster areas. Relief supplies and rescue force will be unable to play a role.
Keywords:  Earthquake local  Ludian earthquake  Intensity  Earthquake hazard  Hazard characteristics
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