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  刘军,苏桂武,孙甲宁,宋立军,邓砚,齐文华,谭明.新疆地区县(市)地震应急能力指标体系的建立与区域差异初探[J].震灾防御技术,2016,11(4):814-822, DOI:10.11899/zzfy20160412.

新疆地区县(市)地震应急能力指标体系的建立与区域差异初探
摘要:    从新疆地区地震活动性、灾害背景及区域协同联动应急模式出发,在遵循科学性、系统优化和可操作性及区域特性等原则的基础上,采用层次分析法建立了县级行政单元的地震应急能力评价指标体系;继而建立了基于基础设施条件、基础人力物力财力、(县级)专项能力和专项经验及基础环境背景4个一类指标集的县(市)绝对地震应急能力综合评价模型,并根据新疆地区4类人员问卷调查资料,计算和分析了样本支持条件下各指标的权重及结果,将其应用在新疆地区县(市)地震应急能力等级划分中。结果表明,地震应急能力的空间分布格局的产生与区域经济发展水平和地理位置等方面所具备的优势是相适应的,安居富民工程对提升区域地震应急能力发挥了重要作用,少数民族聚集区应急能力有待加强,寒旱、高海拔地区等特殊地理因素影响不可忽视。
作者单位
刘军 新疆维吾尔自治区地震局乌鲁木齐 830011 
苏桂武 中国地震局地质研究所北京 100029 
孙甲宁 新疆维吾尔自治区地震局乌鲁木齐 830011 
宋立军 新疆维吾尔自治区地震局乌鲁木齐 830011 
邓砚 中国地震局地质研究所北京 100029 
齐文华 中国地震局地质研究所北京 100029 
谭明 新疆维吾尔自治区地震局乌鲁木齐 830011 
关  键  词:地震应急能力  指标体系  新疆  区域差异
DOI:10.11899/zzfy20160412
基金项目:中国地震局“三结合”项目(163101)、中国地震局政策研究课题(CEA-ZC/2-04-06/2016)及中国地震局地震行业科研专项(201208018)资助
收稿日期:2015-12-20
作者简介:刘 军,男,生于1982年。硕士,高级工程师。主要从事地震应急与灾害学研究。E-mail: liujun_eq@sina.com
通讯作者:
A Preliminary Study on the Index System for Earthquake Emergency Response Ability and Regional Differences of Xinjiang Counties
Abstract:      In consideration of the earthquake activity, the background of the disaster and the emergency mode of regional cooperation in the Xinjiang area, we based on the principles of scientific, systematic and operational and regional characteristics to establish the evaluation index system of earthquake emergency response capability of county level administrative units by using analytic hierarchy process. And then, we set up a comprehensive evaluation model based on basic facilities, basic human and material resources, county special capacity and special experience and basic environmental background of four counties of the county absolute earthquake emergency response capacity, and calculate and analyze the weight of the sample support conditions and the results of the application in the Xinjiang counties earthquake emergency power level division. The results show that the spatial distribution of earthquake emergency response ability pattern of production is adapt to the regional economy development level and geographical location of the aspects advantage. This may due to that the earthquake resistant engineering in past has promoted the regional earthquake emergency response ability. However, ghettos emergency response capacity needs to be strengthened, cold and drought, high altitude area special geographical factors cannot be ignored in the future.
Keywords:  Earthquake emergency response ability  Index system  Xinjiang  Regional differences
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