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  张志中.中国古建筑的防震措施探讨[J].震灾防御技术,2017,12(1):194-202, DOI:10.11899/zzfy20170120.

中国古建筑的防震措施探讨
摘要:    中国的古建筑早在汉代就基本定型,到唐、宋时期已有明确规制,而梁思成先生在《图像中国建筑史》中提及到了一些“不守常规”的建筑,本文调查发现它们分别是1303 年洪洞8 级地震和1695年临汾73/4级地震之后重建的产物。进一步分析发现,依现代防震理念,先人“不守常规”的做法其实是按震害经验采取了有效防震措施。这些防震措施虽然使建筑外观不够美观,但却增强了建筑物的防震性能。
作者单位
张志中 中国地震局地球物理研究所, 北京 100081 
关  键  词:中国  古建筑  防震措施
DOI:10.11899/zzfy20170120
基金项目:国家科技支撑计划课题2015BAK18B01“县市防震减灾能力评价模型及风险动态评估系统研发”资助
收稿日期:2016-07-20
作者简介:张志中,男,生于1954 年。高级工程师。早期从事地震仪器研制工作。现从事历史地震和工程地震工作。E-mail: zhizhong1954@126.com
通讯作者:
Discussion on the Earthquake Prevention Measures of Ancient Architectural Buildings in China
Abstract:      China's ancient architecture as early as the Han Dynasty on the basic stereotypes, to the Tang, Song period there is a clear regulation, and Mr. Liang Sicheng in the “A Pictorial History of Chinese Architecture”, referring to some of the “non-conventional” of the building. In this paper, we find that they are the product of the 1303 Hongdong M 8 earthquake and the M 73/4 Linfen earthquake in 1695. Further analysis found that, with the concept of modern shock to treat, the first people “not to observe the conventional” approach is actually based on the experience of earthquake damage to take effective measures. These protective measures for consideration. Although the appearance of the building is not good, but enhance the shockproof performance of buildings.
Keywords:  China  Ancient architectural buildings  Earthquake prevention measures
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