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  郭红梅,张莹,陈维锋,尹文刚,鲁长江.多因素控制的城镇地震灾害应急处置模型研究[J].震灾防御技术,2017,12(4):882-892, DOI:10.11899/zzfy20170416.

多因素控制的城镇地震灾害应急处置模型研究
摘要:    随着城镇化水平的快速提高,地震灾害高风险暴露城镇数量将不断增加,震后有效的应急处置尤为重要。而当前城镇的地震应急处置主要依据平时制定的地震应急预案开展,缺乏针对性与可操作性。本文以提升城镇地震灾害应急处置能力为目的,总结以往城镇地震应急处置案例,提炼城镇地震灾害应急处置流程,结合城镇特殊的社会经济、自然地理等特点,在分析影响地震灾害应急处置关键因素的基础上,按地震烈度的不同,研究构建了具有区域特征且操作性较强的城镇地震灾害应急处置模型,为城镇地震应急处置的科学化、规范化提供了参考。
作者单位
郭红梅 四川省地震局, 成都 610041 
张莹 四川省地震局, 成都 610041 
陈维锋 四川省地震局, 成都 610041 
尹文刚 武警警官学院, 成都 610213 
鲁长江 四川省地震局, 成都 610041 
关  键  词:城镇  地震灾害  影响因素  应急处置
DOI:10.11899/zzfy20170416
基金项目:国家科技支撑计划项目课题(2015BAK18B03)
收稿日期:2017-04-12
作者简介:郭红梅,女,生于1984年。高级工程师。主要从事地震应急和地震灾情信息处理研究。E-mail:115453242@qq.com
通讯作者:
Research of Urban Earthquake Disaster Emergency Handling Model by Multi-factor Control
Abstract:      With the rapid development of urbanization, town quantity in earthquake disaster high-risk areas increase constantly, therefore, the effective emergency handling after earthquake is particularly important. However, the current urban earthquake emergency handling is mainly carried out according to making earthquake emergency plans at ordinary times, which is in lack of pertinence and operability. In order to enhance urban earthquake disaster emergency handling ability, we reviewed urban earthquake emergency handling cases and urban earthquake disaster emergency handling process. By combining with the urban special social economy and natural geographical features, we analyzed the key factors affecting the earthquake disaster emergency handling, according to different earthquake intensity, and built regional characteristics and operational stronger urban earthquake disaster emergency handling model. This model if helpful of providing the scientific and standardization of urban earthquake emergency handling for reference.
Keywords:  Urban  Earthquake disaster  Influence factor  Emergency handling
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