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  章熙海,王琛,高飞,王冬辰,吴珍云,刘博雅.苏州老城区房屋现状及其地震应急救援分析[J].震灾防御技术,2018,(2):460-470, DOI:10.11899/zzfy20180220.

苏州老城区房屋现状及其地震应急救援分析
摘要:    苏州是我国最具代表性的历史文化名城之一,虽历经城市改造和时代变迁,但在老城区仍保留了相当数量的老旧民房,它们的抗震性能普遍较差,一旦遭遇破坏性地震,后果可能极为严重。本文结合苏州历史地震背景和对苏州老城区房屋现场调查的资料,主要以直管公房为研究对象,按其建筑结构类型进行抗震性能分析和讨论,结合老城区的街区特点,指出苏州老城区可能遭遇的地震灾害特点及应急救援方面的问题,并提出了一些对策和建议。希望通过对苏州老城区地震灾害及应急救援问题的探讨,引起各地对历史文化名城防震减灾及古迹保护的重视。
作者单位
章熙海 江苏省地震局, 南京 210014 
王琛 江苏省地震局, 南京 210014 
高飞 江苏省地震局, 南京 210014 
王冬辰 江苏省地震局, 南京 210014 
吴珍云 江苏省地震局, 南京 210014 
刘博雅 江苏省地震局, 南京 210014 
关  键  词:苏州  老城区  房屋  地震应急救援
DOI:10.11899/zzfy20180220
基金项目:地震科技星火计划项目(XH16013)
收稿日期:2017-09-29
作者简介:章熙海,男,生于1968年。高级工程师。研究方向:地震应急、信息网络。E-mail:Lkk126@126.com
通讯作者:
The Present Situation of Buildings in the Old Town of Suzhou and Its Related Earthquake Emergency Rescue
Abstract:      Suzhou is one of the famous historical and cultural cities in China. Although it has undergone the urban transformation and the changes of the times, there are still a considerable number of old houses in the old town, and their seismic performance is generally poor. Once the destructive earthquake is encountered, the consequences may be extremely serious. According to the historical earthquake background of Suzhou and site investigation (mainly for public houses) in old town, we analyzed and discussed the seismic performance of buildings with different structure types. Considering the characteristics of the old town, there may be some problems when encounter the earthquake disaster or the circumstances of emergency rescue. Therefore, we put forward some countermeasures and suggestions. It is hoped that the study of earthquake disaster and emergency rescue in the old town of Suzhou will attract attention to earthquake prevention, disaster reduction and historic site protection in historical and cultural cities.
Keywords:  Suzhou  Old town  Houses  Earthquake emergency rescue
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