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  李小军,常安鹏,刘培玄.强震动台站周边地面建筑物对观测结果的影响分析[J].震灾防御技术,2018,13(4):737-747, DOI:10.11899/zzfy20180401.

强震动台站周边地面建筑物对观测结果的影响分析
摘要:    强震动观测是获取地震地面运动最基本的手段,但其观测质量会受到观测台站周边环境的影响。本文针对不同场地条件的观测台站和附近不同高度建筑物,开展建筑物对观测场地地震动影响的模拟分析,探讨其对强震动观测的影响规律。基于ABAQUS有限元分析软件以及粘弹性边界方法,建立了8个场地-建筑物体系计算模型,分别考虑了4种不同剪切波速的场地和4种不同层数的框架结构建筑物,计算分析了建筑物高度、观测点与建筑之间的距离对强震动观测及场地土波速变化的影响。结果表明:强震动台站附近地面建筑物的存在对观测结果将产生明显的影响,近距离建筑物影响的相对误差可高达20%以上;建筑物高度的变化并没有明显改变其影响程度和影响较大的地震动周期范围,但较高建筑物的影响程度会随距离增加衰减速度减慢;场地土越软,周边建筑物对观测带来的影响越大。建议:对于较软弱场地(土层平均剪切波速低至210m/s),强震动台站避让建筑物的距离应不小于40m,对于较坚硬场地(土层平均剪切波速大于250m/s),强震动台站避让建筑物的距离应不小于25m。同时还认为,如果强震动观测要求较高精度,需进一步增加避让距离,且应具体考虑建筑物高度等因素的影响。
作者单位
李小军 北京工业大学, 建筑工程学院, 北京 100124
中国地震局地球物理研究所, 北京 100081 
常安鹏 北京工业大学, 建筑工程学院, 北京 100124 
刘培玄 北京工业大学, 建筑工程学院, 北京 100124
中国地震局发展研究中心, 北京 100036 
关  键  词:强震动观测  观测台站  场地条件  建筑物影响  数值模拟
DOI:10.11899/zzfy20180401
基金项目:国家重点研发计划项目(2017YFC1500400),国家自然科学基金重点项目(U1434210、51421005)
收稿日期:2018-03-20
作者简介:李小军,男,生于1965年。研究员。主要从事强震动观测与地震波动模拟研究。E-mail:beerli@vip.sina.com
通讯作者:
Influence of the Ground Buildings Near Strong Motion Observation Station on the Strong Motion Recordings
Abstract:      Strong motion observation is the basic method to obtain seismic ground motion, and its observation quality is affected by the surrounding environment condition at the observation station. In this paper, the influence of the ground buildings near strong motion observation station on the ground motion was simulated and analyzed, and the law of its influence on the strong motion observation was discussed, in which the observation stations with different site conditions and buildings with different heights were taken into consideration. Eight calculation models of site-building system were established, which considered four soil sites with different shear wave velocities and 4 types of frame structures with different heights. The influences of the building height and the distance between observation point and building on the strong motion observation were calculated and analyzed in detail, and the effects of site condition were also discussed. The results suggest that the ground building near strong motion observation station has an obvious effect on the observation data, and the relative error of the influence of the close-distance building can be higher than 20%. The change of building height does not change the degree of influence and the range of period with great influence, but the influence degree of the higher building decreases more slowly with the increase of the distance. The softer the site soil, the greater the impact of surrounding building on the observation results. For soft sites (the average shear wave velocity of the soil layers is lower than 210m/s), the distance of the strong motion observation station avoiding the building should be taken as not less than 40m. For the hard site (the average shear wave velocity of the soil layers is higher than 250m/s), the distance should be taken as not less than 25m. Furthermore, if higher observation precision is required, the distance of avoidance should be increased further. Moreover, the detail effects of building height,and other factors should be taken into consideration.
Keywords:  Strong motion observation  Observation station  Site condition  Effect of surrounding building  Numerical simulation
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