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  张立宝,王玉石,李小军,兰日清.Housner谱烈度的一种快速近似算法[J].震灾防御技术,2018,13(4):775-783, DOI:10.11899/zzfy20180405.

Housner谱烈度的一种快速近似算法
摘要:    Housner谱烈度及修正谱烈度作为基于加速度记录时程直接得到的地震动强度参数,与建筑结构破坏及地震宏观烈度存在较高的相关性,是可靠的地震仪器烈度物理参数指标。然而,相对于地面加速度峰值、地面速度峰值等地震动峰值参数,三分量加速度记录对应的谱烈度计算过程较为复杂,耗时相对较长,影响了利用谱烈度确定地震仪器烈度的时效性。基于对强震动加速度记录的统计分析,本文提出了谱烈度的快速近似算法,仅计算4个方向上的谱烈度值,采用其中3点作圆即可获得水平面内谱烈度迹线的近似最大值,使计算速度提高了45倍,且保持了谱烈度作为地震仪器烈度物理指标的精度。利用在汶川MS 8.0地震等386次MS>3.0地震中获取的2701组强震动加速度记录,经可靠性检验,结果表明所提出的Housner谱烈度快速近似算法的计算误差在±4.5%以内,可以同时满足地震仪器烈度速报的可靠性和时效性需求。
作者单位
张立宝 中国地震局地球物理研究所, 北京 100081 
王玉石 中国地震局地球物理研究所, 北京 100081 
李小军 中国地震局地球物理研究所, 北京 100081
北京工业大学, 建筑工程学院, 北京 100124 
兰日清 中国地震局地球物理研究所, 北京 100081 
关  键  词:强震动  仪器烈度  谱烈度  汶川地震  快速算法
DOI:10.11899/zzfy20180405
基金项目:中国地震局地球物理研究所基本科研业务费专项(DQJB15C11),国家自然科学基金(51578514、51639006)
收稿日期:2018-02-10
作者简介:张立宝,男,生于1992年。硕士研究生。主要从事强震动观测数据分析与处理研究。E-mail:zhou45118@outlook.com
通讯作者:王玉石,男,生于1982年。副研究员。主要从事地震场地效应与强震动观测技术研究。E-mail:wangyushi1982@126.com
A Fast Approximation Algorithm for Housner's Spectral Intensity
Abstract:      As a parameter of ground motion strength derived directly from acceleration records, Housner's spectral intensity and its modified version are highly correlated to building destructure and seismic intensity, and has been adopted as a reliable metric of instrumental seismic intensity. But the algorithm for Housner spectum intensity of a three-component acceleration record was relatively complicated than that of peak ground motion parameter such as peak ground acceleration and peak ground velocity, and this defect of time consuming severely influences the timeliness in instrumental seismic intensity determination. Base on the analyses and ststistics of strong-motion acceleration records, a fast calculating algorithm for spectral intensity is proposed, which obtained the approximate value of the maximum spectral intensity value in the horizontal plane by circle fitting of three points among the spectral intensity values in 4 certain directions. The calculation speed of this algorithm is 45 times higher than that of former algorithms, and the precision accuracy of spectral intensity as a metric of instrumental seismic intensity does not decrease. The reliability testing using 2701 sets of acceleration records in 386 MS>3.0 earthquakes including Wenchuan MS 8.0 eartuquake indicated that the relative error of this fast calculating algorithm is less than 4.5%, which can satisfied the needs of reliability and timeliness for the rapid report of seismic intensity.
Keywords:  Strong-motion  Instrumental seismic intensity  Spectral intensity  The Wenchuan MS 8.0 earthquake  Fast calculating algorithm
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