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  陆丽娜,李静,薛红盼,汪啸,张雷,王建.赵各庄井地下流体的映震响应[J].震灾防御技术,2019,14(1):174-190, DOI:10.11899/zzfy20190117.

赵各庄井地下流体的映震响应
摘要:    赵各庄井位于首都圈地区,是夏垫断裂带北端的地震观测井。其地下流体同震响应的统计数据显示,在对6级以上远场地震的响应次数上,赵各庄井的水位较水温更显著;在对MS7.0井水位的响应幅度变化范围为3.0mm—770.0mm,典型水温的响应幅度为0.0129℃,井水位响应幅度明显强于水温,响应形态以振荡型为主。赵各庄井水温、水位的异常变化和夏垫断裂带的活动性密切相关,同时也会影响断裂带的活动性。综合分析认为,在对赵各庄井水温和水位两大测项进行观测时,应以水位为主,还应关注夏垫断裂带的活动性。同时,为了监测夏垫断裂带的活动性,应对赵各庄井水位和水温进行长期监测,以保证首都圈地区的人民生产安全。
作者单位
陆丽娜 防灾科技学院, 北京 101601 
李静 防灾科技学院, 北京 101601 
薛红盼 防灾科技学院, 北京 101601;中国科学院青海盐湖研究所, 西宁 810008 
汪啸 防灾科技学院, 北京 101601 
张雷 防灾科技学院, 北京 101601 
王建 防灾科技学院, 北京 101601 
关  键  词:夏垫活断层  赵各庄井  水温  水位
DOI:10.11899/zzfy20190117
基金项目:廊坊市科学技术研究自筹经费项目(2017013042)和中央高校基本科研业务费项目共同资助
收稿日期:2018-04-28
作者简介:陆丽娜,女,生于1983年。副教授。主要从事矿床地球化学和地震地球化学的教科研工作。E-mail:lulina@cidp.edu.cn
通讯作者:
Effect Earthquake Response of Seismic Underground Fluid from the Zhaogezhuang Observation Well
Abstract:      The Zhaogezhuang well is loacated in the capital zone and it's an earthquake observation well along the Xiadian Fault zone. In this poper we conducted sfatistical study of the co-seismic corresponding of and we fand that respcmse of groundwater level is more remarkable than that of temperature for MS≥ 6.0 earthquakes on responding times and MS≥ 7.0 earthquakes on responding minute as well; Responding amplitude ranges from 3.0-770.0mm for groundwater level and 0.0129℃ for typical groundwater temperature, and the variation of groundwater level is more obvious than that of temperature. Oscillation mode is the main responsive form. The anomaly of groundwater level and temperature is related to the activity of the Xiadian fault zone in consideration of its location and maybe impact the fault activity. In conclusion, groundwater level of the Zhaogezhuang well should be paid more attention in order to monitor the activity of Xiadian fault zone. Meanwhile, in order to monitor the Xiadian fault zone activity, the observation should be conducted in long-time of the guarantee of production safety of capital circle people.
Keywords:  Xiadian active fault  Zhaogezhuang well  Water temperature  Water level
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