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  樊春燕,陈华静,陈其峰,钱建秀.地震地球化学离子、气体成分等其它测项观测现状[J].震灾防御技术,2019,14(2):438-445, DOI:10.11899/zzfy20190217.

地震地球化学离子、气体成分等其它测项观测现状
摘要:    地震地球化学离子、气体成分等其它观测项目是地震地下流体观测网的重要组成部分,在地震监测预报工作中发挥了重要作用。本文对观测项目的规模、观测数据质量和数据预报应用3方面进行分析,梳理了地球化学离子、气体成分等观测项目的背景变化规律;指出近年来观测规模急剧缩小、观测数据评价体系不完善、台网管理缺失严重等现状;并提出需清理观测项目、完善仪器更新机制、加强台网管理和建立人员培训机制等建议。
作者单位
樊春燕 中国地震台网中心, 北京 100045 
陈华静 中国地震台网中心, 北京 100045 
陈其峰 山东省地震局聊城水化站, 山东聊城 252000 
钱建秀 防灾科技学院, 河北三河 065201 
关  键  词:离子  气体  地球化学
DOI:10.11899/zzfy20190217
基金项目:
收稿日期:2018-04-02
作者简介:樊春燕,女,生于1985年。高级工程师。主要从事地震地下流体技术管理与质量控制。E-mail:fcyan2010@163.com
通讯作者:
The Status of Ion, Gas and Other Items of Groundwater Observation in Seismological Geochemistry
Abstract:      Ion, gas and other items of groundwater observation are important parts of seismic underground fluid observation network, which play the important roles in earthquake monitoring and prediction. In this article we review the three aspects of the scale, the quality of observation data and the application of earthquake monitoring and prediction in China. The background dynamic changes of ion, gas and other items is also analyzed. Our results show some problems in groundwater observation in recent years such as insufficient projects, lack of data quality evaluation system and lack of effective management of network. In the future, we need to reorganize the observation items better, to improve the instrument renewal mechanism, to strengthen the management of the networks, and to set up personnel training mechanism.
Keywords:  Ion  Gas  Seismological geochemistry
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