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  姜连艳.“平灾结合”推进室内地震应急避难场所建设的策略研究[J].震灾防御技术,2019,14(4):838-845, DOI:10.11899/zzfy20190415.

“平灾结合”推进室内地震应急避难场所建设的策略研究
摘要:    针对我国室内地震应急避难场所极度缺乏、无法推进的现状,本文介绍了国内外室内避难场所的建设经验及我国现行避难场所抗震设防标准现状,提出依据《中华人民共和国标准化法》,整合现行避难场所强制性标准、完善避难场所推荐性标准的建议。并分析、探讨影响避难建筑设防标准的因素,结合我国中小学校抗震设防及建筑规模,给出基于“平灾结合”原则推进室内应急避难场所建设的建议。
作者单位
姜连艳 北京市地震局, 北京 100080 
关  键  词:平灾结合  室内地震应急避难场所  避难建筑  抗震设防标准
DOI:10.11899/zzfy20190415
基金项目:
收稿日期:2019-03-27
作者简介:姜连艳,女,生于1965年。高级工程师。主要从事避难场所等相关领域的研究。E-mail:jiangly@bjseis.gov.cn
通讯作者:
Research on Promotion Strategy of Indoor Emergency Earthquake Shelters Based on Integration for Normal Time and Disaster Time
Abstract:      In view of the extreme lack of indoor earthquake emergency shelters in China and the inability to promote them, this paper introduces the construction experiences of indoor emergency shelters at home and abroad and the current status of earthquake sheltering standards in China, puts forward suggestions on integrating the current mandatory standards for shelters and optimizing the recommended standards of emergency shelter structures based on the Standardization Law of the People's Republic of China. This article also analyzes and discusses the factors influencing the seismic fortification standards of emergency shelter structures, and proposed some thoughts and references for promoting indoor emergency shelters based on the principle of integration for normal time and disaster time, combined with the earthquake fortification and construction scale of primary and secondary schools in China.
Keywords:  Integration for normal time and disaster time  Indoor earthquake emergency shelters  Emergency shelter structures  Seismic fortification standard
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