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  陆文静,郭浩然,孙春仙,夏文君.公民科学素质视角下的防震减灾科普研究——以日本和美国为例[J].震灾防御技术,2019,14(4):882-889, DOI:10.11899/zzfy20190419.

公民科学素质视角下的防震减灾科普研究——以日本和美国为例
摘要:    防震减灾科普教育是提升公民防震减灾科学素质的重要途经。日本和美国是在防震减灾科普教育方面走在世界前列的国家。本文通过研究日本和美国关于公民防震减灾科学素质建设文献资料,分类归纳日本和美国公民防震减灾科学素质建设的历史背景、发展特点及主要路径,由此对我国公民防震减灾科学素质建设提出思考和建议。
作者单位
陆文静 江苏省地震局, 南京 210014 
郭浩然 江苏省地震局, 南京 210014 
孙春仙 江苏省地震局, 南京 210014 
夏文君 江苏省地震局, 南京 210014 
关  键  词:公民科学素质  防震减灾  科普
DOI:10.11899/zzfy20190419
基金项目:江苏省科学技术协会调研课题“江苏公民防震减灾科学素质提升研究”(JSKXKT2019010)
收稿日期:2019-05-21
作者简介:陆文静,女,生于1987年。工程师。主要从事防震减灾科普宣教方面的研究。E-mail:2280686482@qq.com
通讯作者:
The popular science research on earthquake prevention and disaster reduction from the perspective of citizen's scientific quality——Taking Japan and the United States as examples
Abstract:      Popular science education of earthquake prevention and disaster reduction is an important way to improve citizens' scientific quality of earthquake prevention and disaster reduction. Japan and the United States are among the world's leading countries in popular science education on earthquake preparedness and disaster reduction. This paper studies the literature and materials on the scientific quality construction of earthquake prevention and disaster reduction of citizens in Japan and the United States, classifies and summarizes the historical background, development characteristics and main paths of the scientific quality construction of earthquake prevention and disaster reduction of citizens in Japan and the United States, and puts forward some thoughts and references for the scientific quality construction of earthquake prevention and disaster reduction of citizens in China.
Keywords:  Scientific quality of citizens  Earthquake prevention and disaster reduction  Popular science
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