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  张龙飞,董斌,史琳娜.基于典型地质特征分析的大同盆地VS30预测研究[J].震灾防御技术,2020,15(1):102-113, DOI:10.11899/zzfy20200110.

基于典型地质特征分析的大同盆地VS30预测研究
摘要:    土体剪切波速是进行土层地震反应分析的动力学参数,对场地地震动参数确定具有重要意义。基于地质地貌分析,将大同盆地划分为5类典型地质单元。对盆地1429个钻孔剪切波速资料进行分析,探讨VS30VS20的相关性,研究土体埋深、岩性、地质单元、标贯击数及密实度等地质特征对VS的影响,并基于地质单元、剪切波速比、密实度系数及第四系上部覆盖层厚度相关性分析给出土体VS30预测模型。研究结果表明,基于典型地质特征的VS30预测模型拟合优度R2>0.90,预测精度很高,对于离散性较大、直接拟合估算较差及无剪切波速场地来说,以区分地质单元及土体类型的方式进行VS30分解预测是良好的研究思路。首次在区分地质单元及土体类型的前提下提出剪切波速比及密实度系数,并将其与第四系上部覆盖层厚度综合应用于VS30预测研究。研究结果可为大同盆地城市防震减灾规划、震害预测、区域性地震安全评价提供重要技术支撑。
作者单位
张龙飞 山西省地震灾害研究所, 太原 030002
太原大陆裂谷动力学国家野外科学观测研究站, 太原 030025 
董斌 山西省地震灾害研究所, 太原 030002
太原大陆裂谷动力学国家野外科学观测研究站, 太原 030025 
史琳娜 山西省地震灾害研究所, 太原 030002
太原大陆裂谷动力学国家野外科学观测研究站, 太原 030025 
关  键  词:大同盆地  等效剪切波速  地质特征  标贯击数  剪切波速比
DOI:10.11899/zzfy20200110
基金项目:山西省面上青年基金(201701D221019);山西省地震局科研项目(SBK1925、SBK2027)
收稿日期:2019-08-07
作者简介:张龙飞,男,生于1982年。硕士,工程师。主要从事工程地震及地震地质研究。E-mail:89267561@qq.com
通讯作者:
Study on VS30 prediction of Datong Basin Based on the Analysis of Typical Geological Characteristics
Abstract:      The shear wave velocity of soil is a dynamic parameter for seismic response analysis of soil layer, which is of great significance to determine the ground motion parameters of the site. The shear wave velocity data of 1429 boreholes in the basin are analyzed, the correlation between VS30 and VS20 is discussed, and the influence of geological characteristics such as soil burial depth, lithology, geological unit, SPT blow number and compactness on VS is studied. Based on the correlation analysis of geological unit, shear wave velocity ratio, compactness coefficient and thickness of Quaternary upper overburden, the soil VS30 prediction model is given. The results show that the goodness of fitting of the VS30 prediction model based on typical geological characteristics is greater than 0.90, and the prediction accuracy is very high. For the sites with large discreteness, poor direct fitting estimation and no shear wave velocity, it is a good research idea to distinguish geological units and soil types for VS30 decomposition prediction. For the first time, the shear wave velocity ratio and compactness coefficient are proposed on the premise of distinguishing geological units and soil types, and they are integrated with the thickness of Quaternary upper overburden for VS30 prediction. The research results can provide important technical support for urban earthquake prevention and mitigation planning, earthquake disaster prediction and regional earthquake safety evaluation in Datong Basin.
Keywords:  Datong Basin  Equivalent shear wave velocity  Geological characteristics  Standard penetration number  Shear wave velocity ratio
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