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  王萍,闫丽莉,庞群英,安纯毅.天津市公众地震科普认知与需求调查[J].震灾防御技术,2020,15(3):601-608, DOI:10.11899/zzfy20200314.

天津市公众地震科普认知与需求调查
摘要:    为真实了解天津市公众地震科普认知与需求情况,以天津市机关单位工作人员、企业员工、事业单位工作人员、大学生、中小学生、社区居民、农民、驻津部队、残障人士等特殊人群为研究对象,开展专项问卷调查与分析。调查结果显示,天津市公众地震科学知识与地震科普工作的认知度与需求度较高,但仍存在地震科学知识掌握不全面、地震科普产品吸引力不足、科普渠道相对单一等问题,地震科普工作在参与性、互动性与趣味性等方面仍有较大提升空间。基于此,提出提高地震科普工作针对性和有效性及地震科普服务个性化和精准化等建议。
作者单位
王萍 天津市地震局, 天津 300201 
闫丽莉 天津市地震局, 天津 300201 
庞群英 天津市地震局, 天津 300201 
安纯毅 天津市地震局, 天津 300201 
关  键  词:地震科普  认知与需求  问卷调查
DOI:10.11899/zzfy20200314
基金项目:
收稿日期:2019-10-28
作者简介:王萍,女,生于1989年。工程师。主要从事地震科普研究。E-mail:sansejinpp@163.com
通讯作者:闫丽莉,女,生于1983年。工程师。主要从事地震监测预报研究。E-mail:yanlili_2003@163.com
Analysis of Public Cognition and Demand of Earthquake Science Popularization and Suggestions—Based on Tianjin Public Questionnaire Survey
Abstract:      In order to understand the real situation of the public's cognition and demand for the work of earthquake science popularization, taking Tianjin social public as the research object, by using the method of questionnaire survey, 9 key groups including the office staff, enterprise staff, public institution staff, college students, primary and secondary school students, community residents, farmers, troops and special groups of disabled people were investigated. The survey results show that the public in Tianjin have a high degree of recognition and satisfaction with the knowledge of earthquake science and the work of earthquake science popularization, and the demand for earthquake safety is growing day by day.However,there are still some problems such as the incomplete knowledge of earthquake science, the lack of attraction of the products of earthquake science popularization, and the relatively single channels of science popularization.Based on this, some suggestions are put forward to improve the pertinence and effectiveness of earthquake science popularization,such as broaden the coverage of earthquake science popularization, and improve the accuracy of earthquake science popularization services.
Keywords:  Seismological science popularization  Cognition and needs  Questionnaire investigation
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