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  王欢欢,郭明珠.基于数值流形法的反倾层状岩质边坡倾倒破坏分析[J].震灾防御技术,2021,16(2):346-351, DOI:10.11899/zzfy20210213.

基于数值流形法的反倾层状岩质边坡倾倒破坏分析
摘要:    边坡破坏是累积性过程,从变形到破坏的过程中会产生永久位移,如果永久位移过大,极有可能产生滑坡。因此根据不同工况下采集到的位移数据,分析地震作用下反倾层状岩质边坡在不同内摩擦角下的破坏特征。利用二维数值流形法(NMM),以青藏高原金沙江流域西藏昌都地区芒康县索多西乡贡扎倾倒滑坡为研究对象,依据实地考察数据及室内力学试验得到的物理力学参数,建立数值计算模型,模拟地震作用下反倾层状岩质边坡倾倒破坏过程,并在边坡上布置3组监测点获取位移数据。模拟结果表明:随着内摩擦角的增大,边坡坡体从开始破坏到新的平衡状态和达到最大位移所需的时间越短,同时,滑动块体最大水平位移逐渐减小;内摩擦角<40°时,坡体在前15 s呈整体移动趋势,大部分岩块产生整体滑移,靠近坡顶处的岩块发生轻微转动,推动前面的岩块加速滑动,呈倾倒-滑移模式;内摩擦角>40°时,靠近坡顶的岩块首先产生滑动,并转动驱使前面的岩块,推动坡脚处岩块产生滑动,最终上部岩块达到新的平衡,呈渐进式倾倒破坏,产生整体性破坏的可能性较小。
作者单位
王欢欢 北京工业大学城市建设学部北京 100124 
郭明珠 北京工业大学城市建设学部北京 100124 
关  键  词:反倾层状岩质边坡  数值流形法  倾倒破坏  内摩擦角
DOI:10.11899/zzfy20210213
基金项目:国家重点研发计划(2018YFC1505001)
收稿日期:2021-01-06
作者简介:王欢欢,女,生于1996年。硕士。主要从事数值流形方法及其应用研究方面的工作。E-mail:17862903393@163.com
通讯作者:
Analysis of Toppling Failure of Anti Toppling Rock Slope Based on Numerical Manifold Method
Abstract:      Slope failure is a cumulative process, and permanent displacement will be produced from deformation to failure process, if the value of permanent displacement is too large, it is very likely to produce landslide. Therefore, the displacement data generated by different friction angles under seismic load are used to analyze the failure characteristics of anti dip layered rock slope under different friction angles. Based on the two-dimensional numerical manifold method (NMM) proposed by Dr. Shi Genhua, the gongzha landslide in suoduoxi Township, Mangkang County, Changdu Prefecture, Tibet, is studied. According to the field investigation data and the required physical and mechanical parameters obtained from the indoor mechanical test, a numerical calculation model is established to simulate the toppling failure process of the anti inclined rock slope under the action of earthquake. In the process of simulation, three groups of monitoring points were arranged on the slope to obtain displacement data. The simulation results show that: with the increase of friction angle, the process of slope from failure to new equilibrium state and the time to reach the maximum displacement value are shorter. At the same time, the maximum horizontal displacement of the sliding block decreases gradually. When the friction angle is less than 40 degrees, the slope will move as a whole in the first 15 seconds, most of the rock blocks will slide as a whole, and the rock blocks near the top of the slope will rotate slightly to accelerate the sliding of the rock blocks in front, showing a toppling sliding mode; when the friction angle is more than 40 degrees, the rock blocks near the top of the slope will first slide and rotate to drive the rock blocks in front, and push the rock blocks at the foot of the slope to slide Finally, the upper rock mass reaches a new balance and presents progressive collapse failure, so the possibility of overall failure is small.
Keywords:  Layered anti-dip rock slope  Numerical manifold method  Toppling failure  Friction angle
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