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  徐锡伟.活动断层、地震灾害与减灾对策问题[J].震灾防御技术,2006,1(1):7-14, DOI:10.11899/zzfy20060102.

活动断层、地震灾害与减灾对策问题
摘要:    本文在对活动断层的定义和相关概念的论述基础上,通过活动断层与地震灾害间空间分布上的相关性分析,以及海原断裂带松山和阿尔金断裂带阿克塞老城西等地点的探槽地质剖面的介绍等,揭示出活动断层近地表永久性地质变形的局部化特征,永久变形带宽度一般小于30m。文章最后介绍了美国加州地震断层划定法案的主要内容和活动断层填图计划作为积极有效减灾的一项公益性对策,指出中国大陆地区应有步骤地开展大比例尺活动断层填图来有效地减轻可能遭遇的地震灾害。
作者单位
徐锡伟 中国地震局地质研究所北京100029 
关  键  词:活动断层  地震灾害  地质变形  减灾对策
DOI:10.11899/zzfy20060102
基金项目:国家发改委发改投资城市活断层试验探测项目(2004—1138)资助成果
收稿日期:2006-01-09
作者简介:徐锡伟,男,生于1962年。1989年扶国家地震局地质研究所(中国科技大学研究生院)构造地质学博士。中国地震局地质研究所研究员,博士生导师。主要从事活动构造学、地震地质学和地震灾害学研究工作。E-mail:xiweixu@vip.sina.com
通讯作者:
Active Faults, Associated Earthquake Disaster Distribution and Policy for Disaster Reduction
Abstract:      Based on the definition of the active fault and its related concepts, we analyzed the spatial correlation between the active fault and its associated earthquake disaster distribution for the 1996 Kobe earthquake, 1999 Izmit earthquake and 1999 Jiji earthquake. Then we checked the permanent geologic deformation belts on the trench walls that cross the Maomaoshan-Laohushan segment of the Haiyuan fault at the Songshan pull-apart and the Altyn Tagh fault. From above discussion it is pointed out that the width of earthquake surface rupturing and the repeatedly faulting along an active fault is limited within 30m in general. After introducing the contents for Earthquake Fault Zoning Ac, California, USA and its active fault mapping project as a positive public policy for disaster reduction, we point out that the active fault mapping project of the mainland China is also needed to carry out in order to reduce the earthquake disaster effectively.
Keywords:  Active fault  Earthquake disaster  Geologic deformation  Policy for disaster reduction
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