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  董曼,杨天青.地震应急灾情信息分类探讨[J].震灾防御技术,2014,9(4):937-943, DOI:10.11899/zzfy20140423.

地震应急灾情信息分类探讨
摘要:    收集并整理了多次地震后的灾情信息,结合各类灾情信息的特征和地震应急指挥决策的要求,重点关注地震前灾区的基础信息和震后的地震现场信息,以服务和服从地震应急指挥和抗震救灾为重要目标,将地震应急灾情信息分为震情信息、震区背景信息、灾情信息和应急响应与救援四大类。信息分类结果便于灾情的快速分析与处理,对提高应急决策、救援效率以及应急处置能力具有重要意义。
作者单位
董曼 中国地震台网中心北京 100045 
杨天青 中国地震台网中心北京 100045 
关  键  词:灾情信息  地震应急  信息分类
DOI:10.11899/zzfy20140423
基金项目:“十二五”国家科技支撑计划项目(2012BAK15B06-02)
收稿日期:2014-05-24
作者简介:董曼,女,生于1982年。工程师。主要从事地震应急与灾害相关工作。E-mail:dongman@seis.ac.cn
通讯作者:
Discussion of Earthquake Emergency Disaster Information Classification
Abstract:      Earthquake disaster information had been collected after many earthquakes.After combining with all kinds of disaster information and the requirement of earthquake emergency command decision,focusing on foundational information of earthquake zone before the earthquake and the information of on-site earthquake,serving and obeying the earthquake emergency command and earthquake-relief work as important goals,we divide earthquake emergency disaster information into four categories,i.e.seismic information,background information of earthquake zone,disaster information and emergency response.Such classification of information is easy to process and analyze the disaster information quickly.It is also significant to improve the efficiency of emergency decision-making and rescue,emergency response ability.
Keywords:  Disaster information  Earthquake emergency  Information classification
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