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  2019,Vol.14no.2 ,page:293-303

Structure Type and Function of Building-Based Building Classification and Its Application
Abstract:      The structure type based on building classification is the fundamental of seismic design and earthquake disaster investigation, and is also the classification form of research basis of seismic vulnerability of building structures. In social management, however, more attention is paid to the function based building classification. In general, both these two kinds of building classification methods have some shortcomings in the research and application of earthquake catastrophe insurance, because it is difficult to give the appropriate economic loss evaluation results based on these two traditional building classification methods. First of all, in traditional building classification methods we take the building function in parallel with the building structure type, without considering the coupling effect between the building structure type and the building function. Secondly, with the development of economy and society, the building structure types and functions change constantly. It is necessary to develop a building classification method with non-fixed classes and strong applicability. To solve this core problem of building classification method in earthquake catastrophe insurance, considering the features of Chinese architectural forms and use purpose, a multi-factor coupled building classification model based on building structure type and function was developed in consideration of building classification based on both the structure type and the building function. Taking the typical area of Beijing as an example, we conducted the demonstration by applying the proposed structure type-function based on building classification method. Finally, in order to meet the data demand of earthquake catastrophe insurance, we propose that the combination of network information technology to solve the problem that the classification index system does not have the variability when the traditional classification is applied to the specific target area.
Author NameAffiliation
Jing Bingbing College of Civil Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124, China 
Li Xiaojun College of Civil Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124, China
Institute of Geophysics, China Earthquake Administration, Beijing 100081, China
China Earthquake Risk and Insurance Laboratory, Beijing 100081, China 
Chen Su Institute of Geophysics, China Earthquake Administration, Beijing 100081, China 
Liu Chen Postdoctoral Workstation of China Reinsurance(Group) Corporation, Beijing 100033, China
China Earthquake Risk and Insurance Laboratory, Beijing 100081, China 
Xiong Zhenghui Institute of Geophysics, China Earthquake Administration, Beijing 100081, China 
Keywords:    Earthquake  Catastrophe insurance  Building classification  Information extraction
Received on:  January 10, 2019
基于结构类型和使用功能的建筑分类及其应用
摘要:    基于结构类型的建筑分类是抗震设计和地震灾害分布调查的基础,也是开展建筑结构地震易损性研究所依据的分类形式,而在社会管理中则更注重基于使用功能的建筑分类。上述2种建筑分类方法难以给出恰当的经济损失评估结果,因此在面向地震巨灾保险研究与应用时存在一些不足。首先,传统的建筑分类将建筑的使用功能与结构类型平行处理,未考虑建筑结构类型和建筑使用功能的耦合影响;其次,随着经济社会的发展,建筑结构形式和使用功能均不断地变化,需要发展适用性强大的非固定类型分类方法。本文针对地震巨灾保险业务中建筑分类这一核心问题,结合中国建筑形式和使用功能,从建筑结构分类出发,进一步考虑建筑的使用功能,形成了基于结构类型-使用功能多因素耦合的建筑分类模型,并以北京市典型区域为例,对所提出的建筑分类模型开展应用示范。同时,本文提出的建筑分类模型结合网络信息技术,可解决传统分类应用于具体目标区域时分类指标体系不具备可变性的问题,满足了地震巨灾保险的数据需求。
关  键  词:地震  巨灾保险  建筑分类  信息提取
基金项目:国家重点研发计划(2018YFC1504600),中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费专项(DQJB17C03、DQJB17T01),国家自然科学基金创新研究群体科学基金(51421005)
作者简介:景冰冰,女,生于1989年。博士研究生。主要从事巨灾保险研究工作。E-mail:bingbingj@hotmail.com
引用本文格式:景冰冰,李小军,陈苏,刘辰,熊政辉.基于结构类型和使用功能的建筑分类及其应用[J].震灾防御技术英文版,2019,14(2):293-303  DOI:10.11899/zzfy20190204
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